Over 20% of the Turkish population live in a state of poverty - almost 18 million people.

Turkey’s poverty rate has increased over the past several years, with economic disparities worsening amid the COVID 19 pandemic. The poverty rate increased to 21.9% of the population in 2021, meaning that 17.9 million people in Turkey are now classified as poor, up from 17.2 million in 2019.

As well as the influx of millions of Syrian refugees displaced by the Syrian civil war, Turkey is also at high risk of natural disasters – in particular earthquakes – as well as flooding, forest fires and avalanches.